Aeolian-Skinner Pipe Organ

The historic Northrop pipe organ is a remarkable instrument worthy of recognition. An Aeolian-Skinner Opus 892, the organ was built between 1932 and 1936, and is one of the last remaining concert-hall pipe organs in the United States. With its nearly 7,000 pipes, the Northrop organ is approximately 40 feet tall and occupies an area the size of the Northrop stage. The largest of the organ's pipes is 32 feet tall, while the smallest is the size of a pencil. The public face of the organ is the console, the playable part of the instrument that rises on a platform from the orchestra pit with four keyboards and about 225 stops, pedals and buttons.

The Northrop organ is the third-largest auditorium-based Aeolian-Skinner extant in the U.S., and is one of the finest examples of a late-Romantic-era instrument. It was awarded the prestigious “Exceptional Historic Merit” citation by the Organ Historical Society in 1999, and organ scholars attest to the Aeolian Skinner’s historic value as a completely unaltered and intact example of the organ builder’s skill.

Along with its remarkable sound quality in concerts and performances, the Northrop Organ has been used as a teaching instrument throughout the years. Dr. Dean Billmeyer, who is the current and longest-serving University organist, believes the organ is the single strongest factor in the U’s continuation of the organ instruction program and its ability to attract new students to the program.

Over the decades the Northrop organ fell into disrepair. By the early 1970s, it had nearly stopped working. Gordon Schultz, then a student at the University of Minnesota, started an effort to restore the unplayable organ and would sneak into Northrop on nights and weekends to work on it. Schultz had apprenticed with a Minneapolis organ shop and had an accommodating friend with a key who left certain Northrop doors open for him. More than three decades later, Schultz runs Gould and Schultz musical instrument company and travels the Midwest repairing and building pipe organs. He’s helped to maintain the organ ever since.

When the Northrop building renovation began in 2011, the organ was carefully moved to storage, where it sat for several years waiting for the funding needed to repair and reinstall the instrument. A generous bequest by the late Dr. Roger E. Anderson, long-time supporter of the Friends of the Northrop Organ, provided funds for the reinstallation of the instrument in its new location in the chambers above the stage and behind the proscenium.

The reinstallation, which has been painstakingly carried out by Foley-Baker and Associates, culminated in a grand inaugural concert on Oct 12-13, 2018, featuring the Minnesota Orchestra, conductor Osmo Vänskä and renowned organist Paul Jacobs.

In addition to the Saint-Saens Organ Symphony No. 3 (a nod to the first concert played on the Northrop organ) the program featured the world premiere of a commissioned contemporary work for organ by composer John Harbison, one of America’s most distinguished artistic figures. Northrop, the Minnesota Orchestra and the Seattle Symphony were commissioning partners for this new symphonic work.

The Friends of the Northrop Organ committee continues to meet on a regular basis to promote the historic instrument, support student and faculty recitals, and plan programming for future seasons to spotlight the restored pipe organ.

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Learn more about the organ and see photos and a list of the pipes in this story by the Twin Cities Guild of Organists. Read more about the organ restoration in this Fincance and Commerce article.

 


 

NORTHROP’S ÆOLIAN -SKINNER ORGAN, OP. 892 SPECIFICATION

GREAT ORGAN
16 Diapason
8 First Diapason
8 Second Diapason
8 Third Diapason
8 Flute Harmonique
8 Gedeckt*
8 Viola*
8 Gemshorn
5-1/3 Quint
4 Octave
4 Second Octave
4 Flute*
3-1/5 Tenth
2-2/3 Twelfth
2 Fifteenth
VII Plein Jeu*
IV Harmonics
16 Contra Tromba*
8 Tromba*
4 Octave Tromba*
Harp
Chimes
Celesta

SWELL ORGAN (Enclosed)
16 Bourdon
16 Gemshorn
8 Geigen Diapason
8 Hohlflöte
8 Rohrflote
8 Fluato Dolce
8 Flute Celeste
8 Salicional
8 Voix Celeste
8 Echo Gamba
8 Echo Celeste
4 Octave Geigen
4 Flute
4 Violina
2-2/3 Twelfth
2 Fifteenth
V Dolce Cornet
V Chorus Mixture
16 Posaune
8 French Trumpet
8 Cornopean
8 Oboe
8 Vox Humana
4 Clarion
Tremolo
Harp
Celesta
Chimes

CHOIR ORGAN (Enclosed)
16 Contra Viola
8 Diapason
8 Concert Flute
8 Cor de Nuit
8 Dulcet II
8 Dulciana
8 Unda Maris
4 Flute
4 Gemshorn
2-2/3 Nazard
2 Piccolo
1-3/5 Tierce
1-1/3 Larigot
III Dulciana Mixture
16 Fagotto
8 Trumpet
8 Orchestral Oboe
8 Clarinet
Tremolo
Harp
Celesta

SOLO ORGAN (Enclosed)
16 Contra Gamba
8 Flauto Mirabilis
8 Gamba
8 Gamba Celeste
8 Aetherial Celeste II
4 Orchestral Flute
4 Octave Gamba
III Cornet de Viole
16 Corno di Bassetto
8 English Horn
8 French Horn
8 Tuba Mirabilis
4 Tuba Clarion
Tremolo
Harp
Celesta

PEDAL ORGAN
32 Double Open Diapason
32 Sub Bourdon**
16 Diapason
16 Metal Diapason
16 Diapason (Gt)
16 Contre Basse
16 Contra Gamba (Sw)
16 Contra Viola (Ch)
16 Bourdon
16 Gemshorn (Sw)
16 Echo Lieblich (Sw)
8 Octave
8 Cello
8 Viole (Ch)
8 Gedeckt
8 Still Gedeckt (Sw)
5-1/3 Twelfth
4 Super Octave
4 Flute
V Harmonics
32 Bombarde
32 Contra Fagotto (Ch)
16 Trombone
16 Posaune (Sw)
16 Fagotto (Ch)
8 Tromba
4 Clarion
Chimes

COUPLERS
Swell to Pedal
Great to Pedal
Choir to Pedal
Solo to Pedal
Swell to Pedal 4
Choir to Pedal 4
Solo to Pedal 4
Pedal to Great 8 ***

Swell to Great
Choir to Great
Solo to Great
Swell to Choir
Solo to Choir
Solo to Swell
Great to Solo

Swell 16
Swell 4
Swell to Great 16
Swell to Great 4
Swell to Choir 16
Swell to Choir 4
Choir 16
Choir 4
Choir to Great 16
Choir to Great 4
Solo 16
Solo 4
Solo to Great 16
Solo to Great 4

Manual Transfer ***
Pedal Divide ***
All Pistons Next ***
All Swells to Swell

Solid State Combinations by Classic Organ Works
18 General
8 Solo
10 Swell
10 Great
10 Choir
6 Pedal

300 Memory Levels per User; Multiple Users Possible
Sequencer
Transposer

* Enclosed
** Originally a Resultant below GGGG; 7 new pipes 2016 by FoleyBaker to complete the register.
*** Additions by Foley-Baker 2016

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Closeup of hands playing Northrop's organ
University of Minnesota, Melissa Bartz

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Feet playing Northrop's pipe organ
University of Minnesota, Melissa Bartz

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Closeup of Northrop organ keys
University of Minnesota, Melissa Bartz

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Closeup of Northrop organ keys
University of Minnesota, Melissa Bartz

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Closeup of Northrop organ keys
University of Minnesota, Melissa Bartz

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Closeup of Northrop organ keys
University of Minnesota, Melissa Bartz

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Closeup of Northrop organ
University of Minnesota, Melissa Bartz

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Closeup of Northrop organ
University of Minnesota, Melissa Bartz